[精选2019年全国卷Ⅱ高考英语压轴试卷附解析] 2019江苏高考英语全国卷

发布时间:2019-06-17 编辑: 手机版

精选2019年全国卷Ⅱ高考英语压轴试卷附解析 第Ⅰ卷 第一部分 听力(共两节,满分 30 分) 做题时,先将答案标在试卷上,录音内容结束后,你将有两分钟的时间将试卷上的答案转涂到答题卡上。

第一节(共5小题;每小题1.5分,满分7.5分) 听下面5段对话,每段对话后有一个小题。从题中所给的A、B、C三个选项中选出最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听完每段对话后,你都有10秒钟的时间来回答有关小题和阅读下一小题。每段对话仅读一遍。

例:How much is the shirt? A.? 19.15.   B.?9.18.   C.?9.15. 答案是C . 1. What has happened to the air-conditioner? A. It doesn’t work. B. It has been fixed. C. It has been sold. 2. Why does the man look happy? A. He has bought a new book. B. He has finished his new book. C. His poem is being published. 3. Where are the speakers? A. In a classroom. B. In a library. C. In a book shop. 4. How did the woman know her husband? A. On the Internet. B. By newspaper. C. By a friend. 5. How does the man feel about the woman’s suggestion? A. Worried B. Interested C. Disappointed 第二节 (共15小题;每小题1.5分,满分22.5分) 听下面5段对话或独白。每段对话或独白后有几个小题,从题中所给的A、B、C三个选项中选出最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听每段对话或独白前,你将有时间阅读各个小题,每小题5秒钟;听完后,各小题将给出5秒钟的作答时间。每段对话或独白读两遍。

听第6段材料,回答第6、7题。

6. What does the man think of the lecture? A. Easy. B. Boring. C. Difficult. 7. What does the man ask the woman to do? A. Lend him her notes. B. Look over his notes. C. Prepare for the discussion. 听第7段材料,回答第8、9题。

8. What are the speakers doing? A. Writing the invitations. B. Planning the menu. C. Making the salad. 9. What did the woman forget to do? A. Buy chicken. B. Call the cook. C. Invite Linda. 听第8段材料,回答第10至12题。

10. Where did the woman go last night before getting home? A. To a cinema. B. To a friend’s. C. To a store. 11. What happened when the woman came at the door? A. The door opened. B. She heard a noise. C. Her key was missing. 12. Who was Karl? A. The gatekeeper. B. The woman’s neighbor. C. The woman’s workmate. 听第9段材料,回答第13至16题。

13. How did the man get the cat? A. He bought him from a pet store. B. He got him from his neighbour. C. He found him on the street. 14. How old was the man when the cat saved his life? A.36. B. 35. C. 40. 15. Where did the man’s wife find him? A. In the bedroom. B. In the bathroom. C. In the dining room. 16.What can we know from the conversation? A. The cat woke the man up. B. The woman doesn’t like pets. C. The man has heart trouble. 听第10段材料,回答第17至20题。

17. What does the speaker say about the dolphin? A. It is man’s most intelligent friend. B. It is man’s f avorite animal. C. It is man’s largest friend. 18. What were those dolphin paintings mainly made of? A. Glass. B. Stone. C. Wood. 19. How many dolphin themes were there in the exhibition? A. About 100. B. About 150. C. About 750. 20. Who is Pandora? A. An organizer. B. A dolphin. C. A reporter. 第二部分 阅读理解(共两节,满分40分) 第一节(共15小题:每小题2分,满分30分) 阅读下列短文,从每题所给的四个选项(A、B、C和D)中选出最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。

A Let’s look at the movies we can’t wait to watch in 2019 Dumbo (March 29) Dumbo is a 1941 American film produced by Walt Disney Productions. The main character is an elephant who is nicknamed “Dumbo”. Dumbo is always laughed at for his big ears, and he is rejected by the other elephants. With no parent to care for him, he is alone. But in fact, he is capable of flying by using his ears as wings. A live-action adaptation of the film directed by Tim Burton is scheduled to be released on March 29, 2019. Shazam! (April 5) Shazam is an upcoming American superhero film based on the DC Comics character of the same name. Directed by David F. Sandberg, the film is set to star Asher Angel as Billy Batson, a teenage boy who can transform via the magic word “Shazam” into an adult superhero, played by Zachary Levi. It will be the first film version of the character since the 1941 series Adventures of Captain Marvel (the character’s original name). Aladdin (May 24) Aladdin is a fictional character and the role of the film Aladdin (1992) based on Aladdin, a folk tale of Middle Eastern origin He is voiced by Scott Weinger, while his singing voice is provided by Brad Kane. Aladdin never received a formal education, and has only learned by living on the streets of Agrabah. He has to steal food in the local market in order to survive. Mena Massoud is set to play a live-action version of the character in a live action adaptation of the 1992 film. Godzilla, King of the Monsters (May 31) Godzilla, King of the Monsters is a 1956 Japanese-American science fiction film, co-directed by Terry O. Morse and Ishiro Honda. It is a heavily re-edited American adaptation. For this new version of Godzilla, some of the original Japanese dialogue was translated into English, and some of the political, social and anti-nuclear themes were removed completely. 21.Which one will be shown to the audience as a form of film for the first time? A.Dumbo. B.Shazam! C.Aladdin. D.Godzilla, King of the Monsters. 22.Who is the actor of the newest version of Aladdin? A.Scott Weinger. B.Brad Kane. C.Terry O. Morse. D.Mena Massoud. 23.On which day can you watch a film about a pitiful animal according to the text? A.March 29. B.April 5. C.May 24. D.May 31. B Have you ever thought that your life will be perfect if something in your outside world changes? You may say, “I will live happily if I find my soul mate.” You may say, “If the perfect job comes along, I will get satisfaction. My problem is that my boss is stupid.” Or you may say, “If I have a child, I will know what it is like to be loved.” The problem is that it is not the outside world that prevents you from experiencing peace, love and joy. Instead, it is your own internal patterns that get in your way. To prove this point, at my weekend programs, I had my students look at a flower on my table. Then I asked them to share their experiences. Some showed a state of complete joy because staring at the flower reminded them of their wedding or a great trip with their lovers. Others said the flower made them angry because it reminded them of a gift given by a former partner who turned against them. Some students even told me that the flower reminded them of their beloved grandmothers’ gardens with some shedding tears of joy and others shedding tears of sadness. However, the flower was still just a flower. Our internal patterns decide whether each moment is filled with peace, anger, joy, love or sadness. When you don’t realize that it is your own internal state that is creating your experience, you are likely to blame the external situations in your life. Most people aren’t taught that emotion is a choice. And they aren ’t taught how to change those lower emotional patterns such as anger, anxiety, sadness and so on. Next time, when you meet something bad, please look at your internal state. When you accept that you are responsible for your own state, and find the courage to turn inward, you can step out of being a slave to what shows up in your external world. 24.Why does the author mention the examples in Paragraph 1 ? A.To lead to the topic of this passage. B.To complain about imperfect life. C.To show common problems in life. D.To encourage people to change the outside world. 25.How does the author prove his opinion? A.By giving examples. B.By doing an experiment. C.By telling a related story. D.By comparing other people’s opinions. 26.What does the author advise us to do in the last paragraph? A.To step out of negative emotions. B.To pay attention to our internal world. C.To share our real emotions with others. D.To use different methods to change bad emotions. 27.What does the author want to express through the passage? A.Our external world matters a lot. B.Our emotions can affect our health. C.Our internal patterns truly decide our emotions. D.Our experiences have a great influence on our emotions. C The long, white robot weighs more than 450 kilograms. Like other robots, it is equipped with cameras and mechanical arms to automatically perform many different jobs. Angus is a major part of operations at Alexander’s indoor robot farm about 40 kilometers south of San Francisco. The 743-square meter farm uses a hydroponic system that grows plants without soil. The plants grow inside equipment that provides a continuous flow of water. The indoor farm uses electrical light instead of sunlight. This kind of farm uses much less water and does not require human labor to run. The main job for Angus is to move thousands of plants around the farm, from small containers to larger ones as they grow. Angus also carries plants to another robot that does not have a name yet. Angus moves slowly to complete its work. But the robot is very strong and can lift about 300 kilograms. For now, the farm uses humans to collect vegetables and other crops when they are ready. But Alexander says he is working on a robot that will eventually take over that job too. Alexander helped start the company Iron Ox after leaving Google, where he worked on robotics at the company ’s Google X project. He teamed up with another former Google employee, Jon Binney. Together they founded Iron Ox. Iron Ox’s website says the hydroponic growing system uses 90 percent less water. It also said the growing method is up to 30 times more productive than growing crops on land. Alexander said growing food robotically throughout the year in major cities will provide a more consistent and fresh product. Most of the vegetables sold in the U.S. are grown in California, Arizona, Mexico and other nations. That means that many people in U.S. cities are eating vegetables that are nearly a week old by the time they arrive in stores. Indoor farms operate all year and are not generally affected by bad weather. This will permit the company to provide a steady flow of goods without major price changes. 28.How does Angus work in the farm? A.It provides a continuous flow of water for the plants. B.It directs other robots to work in the farm. C.It works on collecting vegetables. D.It is in charge of transferring plants. 29.What do we know about Alexander? A.He used to work on robotics at Google. B.He started a company studying robotics with Binney. C.He works on collecting crops when they are ready. D.He started Iron Ox by himself. 30.What’s the advantage of Alexander’s farm? A.The vegetables from this farm sell in higher price. B.The vegetables from this farm are more nutritious. C.It uses electrical light instead of sunlight. D.It uses less water but produces more. 31.Which of the following can be a suitable title for the passage? A.Robot Farm, the Future of the Agriculture B.Robot Farm, Aiming to Bring Fresher Food to US Cities C.Alexander, an Extraordinary Scientist on Robotics D.Hydroponic System, the New Way of Farming D Maths and Music An excellent way to kill a conversation is to say you are a mathematician. Tell others you are also a musician, however, and they will be hooked. Although there are obvious similarities between mathematical and musical activity, there is no direct evidence for the kind of magical connection many people seem to believe in. I"m partly referring here to the "Mozart effect", where children who have been playing Mozart compositions are supposedly more intelligent, including at maths, than other children. It is not hard to see why such a theory would be popular: we would all like to become better at maths without putting in any effort. But the conclusions of the experiment that expressed the belief in the Mozart effect were much more modest. If you want your brain to work better, you clearly have to put in hard work. As for learning to play the piano, it also takes effort. Surely a connection is quite reasonable. Both maths and music deal with abstract structures, so if you become good at one, then it is likely that you become good at something more general that helps you with the other. If this is correct, it would show a connection between mathematical and musical ability. It would be more like the connection between abilities at football and tennis. To become better at one, you need to improve your fitness and coordination (协调). That makes you better at sport and probably helps with the other. Abstract structures don"t exist only in maths and music. If you learn a language then you need to understand its abstract structures like grammar. Yet we don"t hear people asking about a connection between mathematical and linguistic ability. Maybe this is because grammar feels mathematical, so it wouldn"t be surprising that mathematicians were better at learning grammar. Music, however, is strongly tied up with feelings and can be enjoyed even by people who know little about it. As such, it seems different from maths, so there wouldn"t be any connection between the two. Let"s see how we solve problems of the "A is to B as C is to D" kind. These appear in intelligence tests but they are also important to both music and maths. Consider the opening of Mozart"s Eine Kleine Nachtmusik. The second phrase is a clear answer to the first. The listener thinks: "The first phrase goes upward and uses the notes of a G major chord (和弦); what would be the corresponding phrase that goes downward and uses the notes of a D7?" Music is full of puzzles like this. If you are good at them, expectations will constantly be set up in your mind. The best moments surprise you by being unexpected, but we need the expectations in the first place. 32.What does the author say about "Mozart effect"? ______ A.The goal of it was not carefully thought about. B.The findings from it gave people wrong information. C.The interest people showed in it was unexpected. D.The way it was carried out proved to be ineffective. 33.The author mentioned football and tennis in Paragraph 3to show that ______ . A.football and tennis are played in a similar way. B.certain skills may be developed through practice. C.music and maths have something in common. D.abstract structures bring benefits to various fields. 34.We can infer from Paragraph 4that ______ . A.language seems more like maths than music does. B.language is less appealing to learners. C.mathematicians are good at music learning. D.the structure of language is easier to learn than that of music. 35.What does the writer intend to state in the last paragraph? ______ A.How music differs from maths. B.Why musicians possess mathematical abilities. C.Why Mozart is so highly considered by mathematicians. D.How abstract thinking applies to both music and maths. 第二节 (共 5 小题,每小题 2 分,满分 10 分) 根据短文内容,从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项,选项中有两项为多余选项。

5 ways to focus your mind 1. Focus with a purpose The mistake most people make is lacking a clear purpose -they want to be more focused, but don’t know what for. Avoidance is the mother of distraction. If you don’t have a concrete reason to stay focused, your mind will jump from one thing to another. Training your mind to pay attention requires something to focus on. 36.. When you don’t have a purpose, it’s easier to get distracted. Conversely, having a clear ‘why’ will help you stay focused. 2. Solve a real problem Most of the times, we are doing meaningless work. We jump from one task to another without accomplishing anything. We end solving the wrong problem and lose our focus. You have to decide what your priorities are—focus on what will advance your daily, weekly or monthly goals. Leam to say no to the rest. 37.. Those who lack focus are busy fighting urgent, but irrelevant fires. 3. Eliminate(消除) other options 38., it’s harder to get distracted, Create rules where you can’t start a new activity until you finished another one first. For example, in a good day, Pink leaves his office at 10-10:30. On a bad day, he might stay ‘disconnected’ until 2 or 3 PM. When you climinate all options, it’s easier to focus on the only thing that’s left. 4. 39.. When your work and your mental state are not aligned (使结盟), they create an emotional dissonance. Focusing is hard, Dealing with this stressful feeling becomes an additional distraction. Adapting your work to your mental state increases your focus. Leam to understand the types of work you do and align them with your mental states. 5. Set deadlines Deadlines are more than bringing your goals to life. Yes, committing to a specific date increases your chances to achieve an objective. However, the power of deadlines lies in creating a constraint. Limitations benefit both creativity and productivity —by challenging ourselves, we increase our focus. 40.. A.When you don’t have choices B.When you create some rules C.Take advantage of your mental state D.Combine your action with your mental state E. Focus on important things and suppress urgency F. Focusing requires having an intention for your attention G. Using deadlines smartly can motivate you with less pressure 第三部分 英语知识运用 (共两节,满分45分) 第一节 完形填空(共20小题;每小题1.5分,满分30分) 阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的四个选项(A、B、C 和 D)中选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。

I made a speech at Eton School last year. When the 41 was over, the headmaster asked me if I would visit a(n) 42 student. An illness had kept the boy home, but he had expressed an interest in 43 me, and the headmaster knew it would 44 much to him. I 45 . During the nine-mile drive to his home, I 46 some things about Matthew who had a muscle disease. When he was born, the 47 told his parents he would not live to 5. He was 13 and from what I was told, a 48 fighter. He wanted to meet me 49 I was a gold- medal power lifter, and I knew about 50 difficulties and going for my dreams. I spent over an hour 51 with Matthew. Never once did he complain (抱怨) or ask, “Why me?” He spoke about winning and 52 and going for his dreams. 53 , he knew what he was talking about. He didn’t 54 that his classmates had made fun of him because he was different; he just talked about his 55 for the future, and how one day he wanted to 56 weights with me. When we finished talking, I went into my suitcase and 57 out the first gold medal I won for power lifting and put it around his 58 . I told him he was more of a 59 . He looked at it for a moment and then returned it to me and said, “Rick, you are a champion. You 60 that medal. Someday, when I get to the Olympics and win my gold medal, I will show it to you.” 41.A.program B.performance C.procedure D.story 42.A.smart B.distinguished C.energetic D.special